Free gingival graft is a procedure that is performed in the presence of some problems in the gingival tissue and involves the transfer of tissue taken from a different point to the problem area. Thanks to this operation, which is performed in cases of gingival recession or when the attached gingiva is too thin, both the healthy structure of the tooth and gingiva are preserved and an aesthetic appearance appears. Free gingival graft application is important in preventing tooth loss and advanced gingival recession.
Why is Free Gum Graft Operation Performed?
The main reason for performing a free gingival graft operation is gingival recession. Gum recession is a discomfort caused by different reasons. Many reasons, from improper brushing of the teeth to genetic factors, can cause this problem to occur. Not paying enough attention to oral hygiene is one of these reasons. Residues accumulated on teeth that are not brushed regularly and cleaned with dental floss cause periodontal problems. Periodontal problems can cause gum recession. Gum can also be pulled out as a result of trauma or genetic factors.
How is Free Gingival Graft Operation Performed?
During gingival recession graft surgery, two areas are treated. The area where the tissue is taken is called the donor, while the area where the tissue is transplanted is called the recipient. By applying local anesthesia to both areas, the comfort of the patient is ensured during the procedure. The tissue is usually taken from the palate. In some cases, it may be possible to take tissue from toothless parts of the mouth. The part where the tissue is taken is sutured and this part is covered with a protector called a pat.
The removed tissue is transplanted to the problem area by suturing. This area is also closed with a paste if the physician deems it necessary. Before the transplant takes place, different interventions may be required, such as straightening the tooth root in the recipient area. At the same time, different operations can be performed to make the tissue taken compatible with the area to be transplanted. After the operation, the patient can go home immediately, but it is useful to have a companion, especially if he is going to drive.
What Should Be Considered After the Free Gingival Graft Operation?
On the next day of the operation, the patient can continue his daily life by following the advice given by his doctor. During the free gingival graft healing process, by paying attention to some details, you can ensure that the regenerated tissue adheres to the area faster. Although you need to maintain oral hygiene after the operation, it is necessary not to brush the area where the graft is located and to avoid contact with dental floss in order not to throw the stitches in the operated area. The mouthwash recommended by your doctor should be used to prevent infection. Hard foods should not be consumed as they may be harmful after the operation. At the same time, smoking should be avoided.
Is There Any Pain After Free Gingival Graft Surgery?
A certain level of bleeding, pain or swelling is considered normal after a graft operation, as is the case after many surgical dental and gingival operations. In addition, symptoms such as increased tooth sensitivity and a feeling of shaking in the teeth are also normal. In cases where pain, bleeding is excessive, or when you have an inflammatory discharge from your mouth; It is a good idea to consult your doctor as soon as possible. The post-operative control schedule determined by the physician should also be strictly followed.
How Many Days Does the Free Gingival Graft Heal?
In gingival graft applications, the suture in the donor area is usually removed within a week, while this period can take up to two weeks in the recipient area. Full healing of the tissue takes place in 6 to 8 weeks.